Mason Bees & Leafcutter Bees

Mason Bees & Leafcutter Bees

Mason bees (Osmia Lignaria) emerge from their cocoons in early spring and are superior pollinators of apple, pear, almond, cherry, blueberry, and other early season fruit plants.

Leafcutter bees (Megachile Rotundata) emerge from their cocoons in early summer and are great pollinators of melons, cucumbers, beans, sunflowers, strawberries, other summer fruits and vegetables and virtually all summer-blooming flowers.

Mason bees and leafcutter bees are solitary bees that are great for pollination. They are easy to manage and have relatively short seasons that line up with common blooms. They do not produce honey (see honey bees if you are looking for honey producing bees!) You can run both mason and leafcutter bees from the same chalet house as the leafcutters start up as the mason bees shut down.

Mount your mason bee chalet house so it faces south or southeast. This will provide maximum sun exposure.

The mason bees will not travel that far so be sure to locate the house within 300 feet of early season flowers, fruits and plants. The males will emerge first and need nectar-producing flowers right away. The females will emerge later, and they will require both nectar- and pollen-producing blooms. Once the spring blooms have diminished the mason bees will be done for the season. This typically happens around the beginning of June. At this point you can remove the mason nesting blocks and/or reeds and store them in a safe place away from predators.  Remember to locate a source of clayey mud nearby so the mason bees are able to seal up each nesting chamber.

Starting around the beginning of June you can remove the leafcutter bee block from storage and place it into the empty chalet house and let the leafcutters begin the emergence process – this typically happens in 3 to 4 weeks around the 1st of July. The leafcutters will pollinate garden vegetables and other plants in bloom at that time. The leafcutters will typically complete their season by the end of September. After the season remove the leafcutter block and/or reeds and store them in a safe place away from predators.

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